The Venice Biennale has been for over a century one of the most important cultural event in the world. Since its creation the Biennale has been the international hub of art research and promotion of innovative trends. This institution was born in 1895 with the organization of the First International Art Exhibition. In 1930ies new sections were created: Music, Cinema and Theatre.
In 1980 the First Architecture exhibition took place and in 1999 also Dance was added.
The historical seat of Biennale are the “Giardini”, the gardens in the eastern part of Venice where the first International Art Exhibition was held in 1895. Since then this has been the traditional seat of the event. These gardens were projected during the Napoleonic period and host the Central Pavilion and 29 national pavilions built by different participating countries. Several of them were projected by famous architects.
Since 1999 a new prestigious seat was added to the traditional one: the 50.000 square meters of the famous Venice Arsenale (the historical State shipyard where the famous Venetian galleys were built). Many buildings in the area were renewed and equipped to receive works of art and visitors. Also two theatres were added. The Art Biennale has been recognised as the world leader in contemporary art exhibitions and the countries participating have increased from 59 in 1999 to 88 in 2013.
Also Architecture Biennale has been considered the most important in the world. The Venice International Film Festival, at the Lido, is the oldest film festival in the world and still very prestigious.
Since 2008 Mr Paolo Baratta is the president of the institution. The curator of the 2015 56th International Art Exhibition will be Mr Okwui Enwezor, 53 countries will partecepate and the show will run from May 9 to November 22, 2015 at Giardini and Arsenale and in many other nenus in Venice. The title chosen by Enwezor is: All the World’s Futures.